Wet Electroscrubbers for State of the Art Gas Cleaning

Anatol Jaworek, Wamadeva Balachandran, Andrzej Krupa, Janusz Kulon, Marcin Lackowski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Current trends observed in air pollution control technology are closely related to the development of new, more efficient hybrid systems, i.e., those, which simultaneously utilize two or more physical mechanisms for dust or gaseous contaminants removal. These systems can operate more economically than conventional devices, especially in the removal of PM2.5 particles. The electrostatic scrubber (electroscrubber), discussed in this paper, is one of such types of devices, which combines advantages of electrostatic precipitators and inertial wet scrubbers, and removes many shortcomings inherent to both of these systems operating independently. The electroscrubber is a device in which Coulomb attraction or repulsion forces between electrically charged scrubbing droplets (collector) and dust particles are utilized for the removal of particles from a gas. Unlike wet electrostatic precipitators in which particles are precipitated only on the collection electrode, in electroscrubbers, the collection of dust particles takes place in the entire precipitator chamber. Compared to inertial scrubbers, the electroscrubbers can operate at lower droplet velocities, but the collection efficiency for a single droplet can be larger than 1. The paper reviews the state-of-the-art of wet electrostatic scrubbing (electroscrubbing) technique used for gas cleaning from dust or smoke particles. Three groups of problems are discussed: (1) The fundamental problems concerning the charged dust particle deposition on a charged collector, usually a drop, with a focus on different models describing the process. (2) The experimental works of fundamental importance to our knowledge referring to the scrubbing process, which can be used for validating the theory. (3) The laboratory demonstrations and industrial tests of different constructions of electroscrubbers designed for effective gas cleaning. The electroscrubber is not designed to replace wet or dry electrostatic precipitators but can be used as a complementary device following the last stage of conventional electrostatic precipitator, which helps to remove submicron particles. It was shown in the paper that a higher collection efficiency of an electroscrubber could be obtained for higher values of Coulomb number (i.e., higher electric charges on the collector and particle), and for a Stokes number lower than 5 (i.e., low particle-collector relative velocity).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6197-6207
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume40
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • CHARGED AEROSOL-PARTICLES
  • DROPLET SPRAY SCRUBBERS
  • SMALL REYNOLDS-NUMBERS
  • ELECTRIC-FIELD
  • WATER DROPS
  • COLLECTION EFFICIENCY
  • SPHERICAL COLLECTOR
  • ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR
  • DEPOSITION EFFICIENCY
  • SUBMICRON PARTICLES

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