The synthesis of novel bis-thione ligand, bis(1-benzyl-imidazole-2-thione)methane, SSBn is reported for the first time. This ligand along with the previously reported bis(1-methyl-imidazole-2-thione)methane, SSMe has been utilised in the synthesis of a series of copper(I) halide complexes. The syntheses have been achieved by two methodologies. The first method involves the direct addition of the ligands to the copper halide salts, CuCl, CuBr and CuI. The second methodology involves an insertion of a sulfur atom into the copper‒NHC bond of the preformed organometallic complexes, [CuBr(CSMe)]2 and [CuI(CSMe)]2 {where CSMe = 1-(3-methyl-2H-imidazol-1-yl-2-thione)methyl-3-methyl-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene} and [CuBr(CSBn)]2 and [CuI(CSBn)]2 {where CSBn = 1-(3-benzyl-2H-imidazol-1-yl-2-thione)methyl-3-benzyl-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene}. These sulfur atom insertion reactions provide an indirect route to the first copper−halide complexes containing the SSMe and SSBn ligands. All six complexes prepared have been fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods as well as X-ray crystallography. Dinuclear structures were obtained for the complexes containing SSMe, mononuclear complexes were obtained for the copper‒chloride and copper‒bromide complexes containing SSBn and an extended network containing [Cu4I4] clusters bridged by the SSBn were formed for the corresponding copper‒iodide complex for the latter ligand. The coordination and structural features of the two bis-thione ligands are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-233
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Early online date9 May 2017
StatePublished - 7 Sep 2017

    Research areas

  • NHCs , Thiones, Copper, Sulfur atom insertion , Crystallography

ID: 904167