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The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study. / Williams, Tom; Evans, Lynne; Robertson, Angus; Hardy, Lew; Roy, Stuart; Lewis, Daniel ; Glendinning, Freya.

In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, Vol. 2, No. 0, 116, 02.10.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Williams, T, Evans, L, Robertson, A, Hardy, L, Roy, S, Lewis, D & Glendinning, F 2020, 'The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study', Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, vol. 2, no. 0, 116. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.00116

APA

Williams, T., Evans, L., Robertson, A., Hardy, L., Roy, S., Lewis, D., & Glendinning, F. (2020). The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 2(0), [116]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.00116

Vancouver

Williams T, Evans L, Robertson A, Hardy L, Roy S, Lewis D et al. The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2020 Oct 2;2(0). 116. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2020.00116

Author

Williams, Tom ; Evans, Lynne ; Robertson, Angus ; Hardy, Lew ; Roy, Stuart ; Lewis, Daniel ; Glendinning, Freya. / The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study. In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2020 ; Vol. 2, No. 0.

BibTeX

@article{654be2a83a4d4feeb27cebd179a62acb,
title = "The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study",
abstract = "Despite a growing interest into the role of psychosocial factors during the recovery period following sports injuries, there remains a paucity of longitudinal studies examining the indirect relationships between psychosocial factors, psychological responses, and recovery outcomes. The purpose of this study was to construct and test a conceptual model which examined the indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function up to 12 months post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. A prospective, longitudinal, and repeated measures design was employed, wherein 81 injured athletes ( M age 26.89, SD = 7.52) completed measures of optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function on seven occasions (pre-surgery to 1 year post-surgery). Bayesian structural equation modeling evaluated the hypothesized indirect relationships proposed within the conceptual model. The main findings from this study was empirical support for a time-ordered, conceptual model which demonstrated that pre-surgery optimism had a significant overall indirect effect on perceived knee function at 12 months post-surgery ( sum of indirect; αβ = 0.08, post. SD = 0.05, CI [0.01, 0.04]), as well as a specific indirect effect through secondary appraisal at 1 month post-surgery, efficacy at 2 months post-surgery, and rehabilitation adherence at 6 months post-surgery (αβ = 0.03, post. SD = 0.03, CI [0.00, 0.10]). Collectively, this study provides support for a number of previously hypothesized, but not empirically examined, indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors and recovery outcomes. In doing so, we provide a conceptual model which has the potential to help guide individualized treatment recommendations, as well as identify individuals at risk of compromised recovery outcomes following ACL surgery. ",
keywords = "ACL, Bayesian structural equation modeling, optimism, perceived knee function, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence",
author = "Tom Williams and Lynne Evans and Angus Robertson and Lew Hardy and Stuart Roy and Daniel Lewis and Freya Glendinning",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Williams, Evans, Robertson, Hardy, Roy, Lewis and Glendinning.",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
day = "2",
doi = "10.3389/fspor.2020.00116",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
journal = "Frontiers in Sports and Active Living",
issn = "2624-9367",
publisher = "Frontiers Media",
number = "0",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Role of Optimism and Psychosocial Factors in Athletes Recovery From ACL Injury: A Longitudinal Study

AU - Williams, Tom

AU - Evans, Lynne

AU - Robertson, Angus

AU - Hardy, Lew

AU - Roy, Stuart

AU - Lewis, Daniel

AU - Glendinning, Freya

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Williams, Evans, Robertson, Hardy, Roy, Lewis and Glendinning.

PY - 2020/10/2

Y1 - 2020/10/2

N2 - Despite a growing interest into the role of psychosocial factors during the recovery period following sports injuries, there remains a paucity of longitudinal studies examining the indirect relationships between psychosocial factors, psychological responses, and recovery outcomes. The purpose of this study was to construct and test a conceptual model which examined the indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function up to 12 months post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. A prospective, longitudinal, and repeated measures design was employed, wherein 81 injured athletes ( M age 26.89, SD = 7.52) completed measures of optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function on seven occasions (pre-surgery to 1 year post-surgery). Bayesian structural equation modeling evaluated the hypothesized indirect relationships proposed within the conceptual model. The main findings from this study was empirical support for a time-ordered, conceptual model which demonstrated that pre-surgery optimism had a significant overall indirect effect on perceived knee function at 12 months post-surgery ( sum of indirect; αβ = 0.08, post. SD = 0.05, CI [0.01, 0.04]), as well as a specific indirect effect through secondary appraisal at 1 month post-surgery, efficacy at 2 months post-surgery, and rehabilitation adherence at 6 months post-surgery (αβ = 0.03, post. SD = 0.03, CI [0.00, 0.10]). Collectively, this study provides support for a number of previously hypothesized, but not empirically examined, indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors and recovery outcomes. In doing so, we provide a conceptual model which has the potential to help guide individualized treatment recommendations, as well as identify individuals at risk of compromised recovery outcomes following ACL surgery.

AB - Despite a growing interest into the role of psychosocial factors during the recovery period following sports injuries, there remains a paucity of longitudinal studies examining the indirect relationships between psychosocial factors, psychological responses, and recovery outcomes. The purpose of this study was to construct and test a conceptual model which examined the indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function up to 12 months post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. A prospective, longitudinal, and repeated measures design was employed, wherein 81 injured athletes ( M age 26.89, SD = 7.52) completed measures of optimism, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation adherence, and perceived knee function on seven occasions (pre-surgery to 1 year post-surgery). Bayesian structural equation modeling evaluated the hypothesized indirect relationships proposed within the conceptual model. The main findings from this study was empirical support for a time-ordered, conceptual model which demonstrated that pre-surgery optimism had a significant overall indirect effect on perceived knee function at 12 months post-surgery ( sum of indirect; αβ = 0.08, post. SD = 0.05, CI [0.01, 0.04]), as well as a specific indirect effect through secondary appraisal at 1 month post-surgery, efficacy at 2 months post-surgery, and rehabilitation adherence at 6 months post-surgery (αβ = 0.03, post. SD = 0.03, CI [0.00, 0.10]). Collectively, this study provides support for a number of previously hypothesized, but not empirically examined, indirect relationships between optimism, psychosocial factors and recovery outcomes. In doing so, we provide a conceptual model which has the potential to help guide individualized treatment recommendations, as well as identify individuals at risk of compromised recovery outcomes following ACL surgery.

KW - ACL

KW - Bayesian structural equation modeling

KW - optimism

KW - perceived knee function

KW - psychosocial factors

KW - rehabilitation adherence

U2 - 10.3389/fspor.2020.00116

DO - 10.3389/fspor.2020.00116

M3 - Article

C2 - 33345105

VL - 2

JO - Frontiers in Sports and Active Living

JF - Frontiers in Sports and Active Living

SN - 2624-9367

IS - 0

M1 - 116

ER -

ID: 3892602