Strictly Concentric Magic Square Puzzles

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Number puzzles have proved an engaging pastime with audiences across the world. Most notably, Sudoku puzzles appear in many newspapers and popular magazines, in a variety of forms, in which varying numbers of clues are provided in incomplete grids. Other mathematical structures have likewise been used as the basis for puzzles based on incomplete grids - for example, Latin Squares and Magic Squares. This article explores the use of Magic Squares with added constraints - the Strictly Concentric Magic Square - for constructing puzzles. In particular, it considers how the strong constraints of the structure affect the number of clues needed for their completion and for providing an enjoyable challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages84-86, 101
Number of pages4
Specialist publicationMathematics Today
PublisherIMA - Institute of Mathematics & its Applications
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


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