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Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review. / Kalema, Rudy N.; Schache, Anthony G.; Williams, Morgan D.; Heiderscheit, Bryan; Siqueira Trajano, Gabriel; Shield, Anthony J.

In: Sports, Vol. 9, No. 10, e141, 09.10.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Harvard

Kalema, RN, Schache, AG, Williams, MD, Heiderscheit, B, Siqueira Trajano, G & Shield, AJ 2021, 'Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review', Sports, vol. 9, no. 10, e141. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100141

APA

Kalema, R. N., Schache, A. G., Williams, M. D., Heiderscheit, B., Siqueira Trajano, G., & Shield, A. J. (2021). Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review. Sports, 9(10), [e141]. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100141

Vancouver

Kalema RN, Schache AG, Williams MD, Heiderscheit B, Siqueira Trajano G, Shield AJ. Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review. Sports. 2021 Oct 9;9(10). e141. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100141

Author

Kalema, Rudy N. ; Schache, Anthony G. ; Williams, Morgan D. ; Heiderscheit, Bryan ; Siqueira Trajano, Gabriel ; Shield, Anthony J. / Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review. In: Sports. 2021 ; Vol. 9, No. 10.

BibTeX

@article{c5070f7cff0c4fe6891779aa9301eb08,
title = "Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review",
abstract = "Hamstring strain injury (HSI) is a common and costly injury in many sports such as the various professional football codes. Most HSIs have been reported to occur during high intensity sprinting actions. This observation has led to the suggestion that a link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs may exist. The aim of this literature review was to evaluate the available scientific evidence underpinning the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. A structured search of the literature was completed followed by a risk of bias assessment. A total of eighteen studies were retrieved. Sixteen studies involved retrospective and/or prospective analyses, of which only three were judged to have a low risk of bias. Two other case studies captured data before and after an acute HSI. A range of biomechanical variables have been measured, including ground reaction forces, trunk and lower-limb joint angles, hip and knee joint moments and powers, hamstring muscle–tendon unit stretch, and surface electromyographic activity from various trunk and thigh muscles. Overall, current evidence was unable to provide a clear and nonconflicting perspective on the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. Nevertheless, some interesting findings were revealed, which hopefully will stimulate future research on this topic.",
keywords = "hamstrings, sprinting, injury, biomechanics, gait, retrospective, prospective",
author = "Kalema, {Rudy N.} and Schache, {Anthony G.} and Williams, {Morgan D.} and Bryan Heiderscheit and {Siqueira Trajano}, Gabriel and Shield, {Anthony J.}",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
day = "9",
doi = "10.3390/sports9100141",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Sports",
issn = "2075-4663",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sprinting Biomechanics and Hamstring Injuries: Is There a Link? A Literature Review

AU - Kalema, Rudy N.

AU - Schache, Anthony G.

AU - Williams, Morgan D.

AU - Heiderscheit, Bryan

AU - Siqueira Trajano, Gabriel

AU - Shield, Anthony J.

PY - 2021/10/9

Y1 - 2021/10/9

N2 - Hamstring strain injury (HSI) is a common and costly injury in many sports such as the various professional football codes. Most HSIs have been reported to occur during high intensity sprinting actions. This observation has led to the suggestion that a link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs may exist. The aim of this literature review was to evaluate the available scientific evidence underpinning the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. A structured search of the literature was completed followed by a risk of bias assessment. A total of eighteen studies were retrieved. Sixteen studies involved retrospective and/or prospective analyses, of which only three were judged to have a low risk of bias. Two other case studies captured data before and after an acute HSI. A range of biomechanical variables have been measured, including ground reaction forces, trunk and lower-limb joint angles, hip and knee joint moments and powers, hamstring muscle–tendon unit stretch, and surface electromyographic activity from various trunk and thigh muscles. Overall, current evidence was unable to provide a clear and nonconflicting perspective on the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. Nevertheless, some interesting findings were revealed, which hopefully will stimulate future research on this topic.

AB - Hamstring strain injury (HSI) is a common and costly injury in many sports such as the various professional football codes. Most HSIs have been reported to occur during high intensity sprinting actions. This observation has led to the suggestion that a link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs may exist. The aim of this literature review was to evaluate the available scientific evidence underpinning the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. A structured search of the literature was completed followed by a risk of bias assessment. A total of eighteen studies were retrieved. Sixteen studies involved retrospective and/or prospective analyses, of which only three were judged to have a low risk of bias. Two other case studies captured data before and after an acute HSI. A range of biomechanical variables have been measured, including ground reaction forces, trunk and lower-limb joint angles, hip and knee joint moments and powers, hamstring muscle–tendon unit stretch, and surface electromyographic activity from various trunk and thigh muscles. Overall, current evidence was unable to provide a clear and nonconflicting perspective on the potential link between sprinting biomechanics and HSIs. Nevertheless, some interesting findings were revealed, which hopefully will stimulate future research on this topic.

KW - hamstrings

KW - sprinting

KW - injury

KW - biomechanics

KW - gait

KW - retrospective

KW - prospective

U2 - 10.3390/sports9100141

DO - 10.3390/sports9100141

M3 - Review article

VL - 9

JO - Sports

JF - Sports

SN - 2075-4663

IS - 10

M1 - e141

ER -

ID: 5733912