Revisiting ‘Militancy’: Examining the Niger Delta

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This paper tells stories of the Niger Delta. It reveals the process and structure of the conflict which started from the rights to self-determination and resource control by ‘militant groups’ in that region. We examine narratives of the conflict in the words of dominant elites and ‘militia activists’, and argue that ‘militia actions’ that appear to challenge the legitimacy and authority of the Nigerian state over control of natural resource (Oil), is embedded in complex web and porous boundary of informal and formal interactions with politicians and ‘military’ leaders. This provides the opportunity for the elites to maintain their control over oil and for some ‘militia leaders’ to bargain and negotiate with the authorities often motivated by self-interest.
Original languageEnglish
JournalROAPE Blog (Review of African Political Economy)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Niger Delta
  • Conflict
  • Control of natural resources
  • Militia


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