Predictors Of Linear And Multidirectional Acceleration In Elite Soccer Players

Northeast Jonathan, David M. Russell, D. Shearer, C. Cook, L. Kilduff

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Abstract

Linear and multidirectional acceleration underpins success in professional soccer match-play. However, the physical qualities that determine these performance indicators are poorly understood in elite players. English Premier League players (n=26) performed isometric mid-thigh pulls (IMTP), bilateral and unilateral drop jumps (DJ; from 40 and 20 cm, respectively), bilateral and unilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ) and assessments of linear (5-, 10-, 20-m) and multidirectional (left/right pre-planned and reactive) acceleration. Regression analyses highlighted that 21% of variance in 5-m sprint time (1.02+/-0.07 s) was explained by relative peak power output (PPO) in bilateral CMJ (54.5+/-5.3 W[middle dot]kg-1). A 5.4 W[middle dot]kg-1 increase in CMJ predicted a 0.03 s decrease in 5-m sprint time (P=0.02). For 10-m sprint time (1.72+/-0.09 s), 44% of variance was explained by isometric relative peak force (PF; 30.4+/-4.9 N[middle dot]kg-1) and bilateral relative CMJ PPO (54.5+/-5.3 W[middle dot]kg-1). A 5.4 W[middle dot]kg-1 increase in CMJ predicted reduced 10-m sprint times by 0.04 s (P=0.01). For 20-m sprint time (2.94+/-0.11 s), 55% of the total variance was explained by isometric relative PF (30.4+/-4.9 N[middle dot]kg-1) and relative CMJ PPO (54.5+/-5.3 W[middle dot]kg-1). Increases of 5.4 W[middle dot]kg-1 in bilateral CMJ predicted an improvement of 20-m sprint time by 0.06 s (P=0.002). Contributions were insignificant (P>0.05) for pre-planned and reactive multidirectional acceleration. Relativized indices, especially those related to force production during CMJ and IMTP tests, likely underpin linear but not multidirectional acceleration performance in professional soccer players. When linear acceleration is a training focus, practitioners should seek to monitor CMJ and IMTP test performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Early online date13 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Soccer players
  • Football
  • English Premier League Footballers
  • Elite Soccer Players
  • Linear and multidirectional acceleration
  • Training

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