Post-Carroll: Functional Elements of the Moving Image

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Analyzing moving images is one of the fundamental practices in our attempt to understand the medium. Building on Noël Carroll's functional theory of film style, this article attempts to define a taxonomy of functional elements of shot composition in order to establish a clear methodology for the analysis of a moving image. Carroll criticizes forms of stylistic analysis that limit themselves to a few pre-selected aspects of the moving image, for example, genre motifs, individual filmmakers’ personal traits, or broad studies of film movements. Numerous writers have presented breakdowns of component parts of a moving image, often in wider discussions of film form. However these lists are often incomplete or do not have a clear methodology. This article identifies the key components of a moving image that could serve a functional purpose in individual films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Pages (from-to)72-89
Number of pages18
JournalProjections: The Journal for Movies and the Mind
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Film
  • Cinematography
  • Aesthetics
  • Analytical Aesthetics
  • Noel Carroll
  • Functional Theory

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