Grubbs’ second-generation alkene metathesis catalyst and the fluorous analog (H2IMes)((Rf8(CH2)2)3P)(Cl)2Ru(═CHPh) (1; H2IMes/Rf8 = 1,3-dimesityl-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene/(CF2)7CF3) catalyze ring-opening metathesis polymerizations of norbornene at essentially identical rates (CDCl3, RT). However, dramatic accelerations can be observed with 1 in the presence of the fluorous solvent perfluoro(methylcyclohexane) (PFMC). The fluorous phosphine (Rf8(CH2)2)3P must first dissociate from 1 to generate the 14-valence-electron intermediate that begins the catalytic cycle and should be scavenged by the PFMC phase (PFMC/toluene partition coefficient >99.7:<0.3). This would allow alkenes to more effectively compete for active catalyst. However, faster rates are seen only when 1 (partition coefficient 39.6:60.4) is added as a PFMC solution or a PFMC/CDCl3 biphase mixture, as opposed to CDCl3 solution, and possible additional contributing factors are analyzed. Analogous effects are observed with a 7-oxanorbornene-based N-butylsuccinimide. The molecular weights, polydispersities, glass transition temperatures, and cis/trans C═C linkage ratios of the polynorbornene produced under monophasic and biphasic conditions are compared and are usually similar.
|Publication status||Published - 29 Nov 2011|
- biphase catalyst
- Grubbs' catalyst
- phase transfer