Patterns of space use in sympatric marine colonial predators reveals scales of spatial partitioning

Esther Lane Jones, Bernie J McConnell, Sophie Caroline Smout, Philip Steven Hammond, Callan David Duck, Christopher Morris, David Thompson, Deborah Jill Fraser Russell, Cecile Vincent, Michelle Cronin, Ruth Jemma Sharples, Jason Matthiopoulos

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Abstract

Species distribution maps can provide important information to focus conservation efforts and enable spatial management of human activities. Two sympatric marine predators, grey seals Halichoerus grypus and harbour seals Phoca vitulina have overlapping ranges on land and at sea but contrasting population dynamics around Britain: whilst grey seals have generally increased, harbour seals have shown significant regional declines. We analysed two decades of at-sea movement data and terrestrial count data from these species to produce high resolution, broad-scale maps of distribution and associated uncertainty to inform conservation and management. Our results showed that grey seals use offshore areas connected to their haul-out sites by prominent corridors and harbour seals primarily stay within 50km of the coastline. Both species show fine-scale offshore spatial segregation off the east coast of Britain and broad-scale partitioning off western Scotland. These results illustrate that for broad-scale marine spatial planning, the conservation needs of harbour seals (primarily inshore, the exception being selected offshore usage areas) are different from those of grey seals (up to 100km offshore and corridors connecting these areas to haul-out sites). More generally, our results illustrate the importance of detailed knowledge of marine predator distributions to inform marine spatial planning; for instance, spatial prioritisation is not necessarily the most effective spatial planning strategy even when conserving species with similar taxonomy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-249
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume534
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Halichoerus grypus
  • Phoca vitulina
  • Density estimation
  • Propogating uncertainty
  • Species distribution
  • Telemetry
  • Area-based conservation

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