Optimal operation of a hydrogen refuelling station combined with wind power in the electricity market

Stephen Carr, Fan Zhang, Feng Liu, Zhaolong Du, Jon Maddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

An optimisation routine has been developed to analyse the performance of hydrogen refuelling stations combined with wind power operating in electricity markets. This optimisation routine includes the minimum turn down ratio of the electrolyser in its formulation resulting in a mixed integer nonlinear programming optimisation. The optimisation routine has been used to analyse the performance of a hydrogen refuelling station located at the advanced manufacturing park in Rotherham, UK. The performance of the optimisation routine for various scenarios of hydrogen demand and wind power has been assessed. This includes the effect of operating the electrolyser to
reduce wind curtailment in a grid constrained scenario. It is found that the optimisation routine is capable of increasing profits when operating in the market, but this is dependent on various factors such as the level of hydrogen demand and wind power.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21057-21066
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • hydrogen refuelling station
  • hydrogen vehicle
  • electrolyser
  • optimisation
  • electricity market

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