Ontological Securitization of Health in Africa: The HIV/AIDS, Ebola and COVID-19 Pandemics and the Foreign Virus

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    Abstract

    Africa’s security issues have suffered serious attention deficits. This article analyses why a globally accepted health security norm, such as fighting a communicable disease during a pandemic such as the COVID-19 pandemic, was, in Africa, perceived as a security threat emanating from external—foreign—actors importing a ‘foreign virus’ into Africa. This fear-based perception can be explained by West Africa’s ontological security fears, ultimately based on its colonial past and a relationship of exploitation by the West. While this article analyses the case of COVID-19, it also explains the same process with previous epidemics, such as HIV/AIDS and EDV/Ebola.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number352
    Number of pages16
    JournalSocial Sciences
    Volume11
    Issue number8
    Early online date8 Aug 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022

    Keywords

    • securitisation
    • ontological security
    • COVID-19
    • West Africa
    • Ebola
    • HIV/AIDS

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