Mitigating the effects of rain-induced fading in satellite communications systems using time diversity in concert with maximal ratio combining

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Abstract

This paper reports on a preliminary study using EutelSat Hotbird 13A beacon data at 19.7 GHz and 29.5 GHz (scaled data) to evaluate the benefit of using Time Diversity (TD) and Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC) on an experimental next generation Ka-band (26.5–40 GHz) satellite link in the UK. The authors have used the 2nd generation of video broadcasting via satellite (DVB-S2) as the broadcasting standard to investigate the novel integration of TD and MRC. The benefit of the TD and MRC scheme was quantified in terms of percentage enhancement of the link availability. Long-term statistics of rain and atmospheric attenuation were derived from a period of three year’s measurements made in Pontypridd, South Wales and in Chilbolton, England, at 19.7 GHz. A hypothetical Ka-band satellite broadcast link between Pontypridd and Chilbolton has been designed to use 29.5 GHz as the uplink frequency while 19.7 GHz is used as the downlink frequency. The paper discusses the performance enhancement provided by TD and MRC during different types of fading events. The integration of TD and MRC into the DVB-S2 standard provides the capability to continue delivering services at lower carrier-to-noise (C/N) levels by lowering the bit error rate (BER).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of Engineering
VolumeApril 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Time Diversity (TD)
  • Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC)
  • Modern communication systems
  • experimental next generation Ka-band (26.5–40 GHz) satellite link in the UK
  • Adverse weather conditions
  • rainfall
  • Precipitation interference
  • satellite communication

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