Miniaturized six-ring elliptical monopole-based MIMO antenna for ultrawideband applications

A. Amroun, C. Zebiri, Djamel Sayad, Issa T.E. Elfergani*, A. Desai, M. L. Bouknia, R. Zegadi, J. Rodriguez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes a miniature two-element Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antenna dedicated to UWB applications. The proposed MIMO design has a very low profile of 30 × 20 × 1.6 mm3. The proposed antenna is carefully designed and optimized using HFSS simulation software. As a proof of concept, the proposed design is realized and experimentally tested for MIMO applications. The proposed structure, printed on an FR4 substrate, comprises two symmetrical elliptical conductive patches on the upper side and a modified ground plane on the lower one. Each radiating element includes six elliptical rings. The modified ground plane consists of a T-shaped strip and two semielliptical slots etched opposite the feed line. All the parameters of the design are carefully optimized to achieve an ultrawide bandwidth antenna spanning from (136.08%) 3.1 to 16.3 GHz. The results are discussed and analyzed in terms of bandwidth, gain, efficiency, radiation pattern, diversity gain, envelope correlation coefficient (ECC), total active reflection coefficient (TARC), and mean effective gain (MEG). All simulated results are found to be in good accordance with experiments. The design reveals attractive features for UWB applications. A good isolation (17 dB) between the two radiators is achieved despite the close proximity using the suggested ground plane geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5557
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Communication Systems
Issue number14
Early online date20 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023


  • connected ground
  • elliptical
  • MIMO
  • miniaturized antenna
  • monopole
  • UWB


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