Mechanical Properties of a Sustainable Low-Carbon Geopolymer Concrete Using a Pumice-Derived Sodium Silicate Solution

Jonathan Oti, Blessing O. Adeleke*, Francis X. Anowie , John M. Kinuthia, Emma Ekwulo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)


A geopolymer is an inorganic amorphous cementitious material, emerging as an alternative sustainable binder for greener concrete production over Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). Geopolymer concrete production promotes waste reuse since the applicable precursor materials include agricultural and industrial waste that requires disposal, helping to reduce waste in landfills and ensuring sustainable environmental protection. This study investigates the development of an environmentally friendly sodium silicate alternative (SSA) derived from pumice powder (PP) in place of a commercial Na2SiO3 solution at a 10 M concentration. Six concrete batches were produced at alkaline/precursor (A/P) ratios of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5. The geopolymer mix AF4, with an A/P ratio of 0.4, became the optimum geopolymer concrete design; however, it recorded lower compressive, tensile splitting, and flexural strengths, respectively, against the control OPC concrete. The geopolymer formulations, however, obtained 28-day-hardened concrete densities comparable to the control concrete. The 28-day compressive strength of the OPC concrete was 29.4 MPa, higher than the 18.8 MPa recorded for AF4. However, the 56-day strength of AF4 improved to 22.4 MPa, an around 19% increase compared to the 30.8 MPa achieved by the control mix on day 56, having experienced only a 5% strength increase. The low mechanical performances of the geopolymer formulation could be attributed to extra water added to the original geopolymer design to improve the workability of the geopolymer mix. Therefore, the SSA alkaline solution using PP showed some potential for developing geopolymer concrete for low-strength construction applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2904070
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2024


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanical Properties of a Sustainable Low-Carbon Geopolymer Concrete Using a Pumice-Derived Sodium Silicate Solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this