Low speed aerodynamic characteristics of non-slender delta wing at low angles of attack

Mohamed MOHAMED, Imran Afghan, Mohamed Hefny Salim, Ibrahim K. Mohamed

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    Abstract

    Low-speed wind tunnel experiments are conducted to study the aerodynamic performance of a half-span delta wing with 45° leading-edge sweep at subsonic flow regime. The experiments are carried out at a Reynolds number of 8.37 × 105, a free-stream Mach number of 0.1 and angles of attack up to 25°, in steps of 5°. The test model was designed with thirty-two pressure taps fixed on its surfaces (sixteen on each side). Multi-tube manometers were connected to these taps using long tubes to enable recording the pressure readings. Surface pressure distributions and aerodynamic characteristics were calculated at different span-wise locations along the non-dimensional chord-wise distance. Results exhibited that most lift on the studied wing is generated in the region close to the leading edge for all the studied incidence angles. Additional lift is created in the region close to the root chord rather than the tip chord, whereas drag forces increases from tip to root. This can be attributed to the formation of trailing edge vortexes due to the flow separation at the wing leading edge that produces more drag, hence suppressing lift. The study showed also that angle of attack increases the drag coefficient from tip to root, especially at high angle of attack, indicating unfavourable behaviour for manoeuvring. Moreover, the angle of attack increased the pitching moment coefficient up to 10° before it drops sharply until it reaches the tip of the wing model.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9427-9435
    Number of pages9
    JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
    Volume61
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2022

    Keywords

    • Non-slender delta wing
    • Half-span
    • Subsonic wind tunnel
    • Surface pressure measurements
    • Aerodynamic characteristics

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