A much-anticipated end of the Covid-19 pandemic is on the horizon. It is important to reflect on the ways in which the pandemic has impacted on the international politics of migration and especially on the migration-security nexus, still little understood but affecting policies and population movements with future implications. How has the pandemic shaped trade-offs between securitization of migration, health, and economic concerns in governing migration? What are the new trends emerging from the pandemic on the migration-security nexus? And how can we study these in the coming years? This Research Note features insights from scholars associated with the British International Studies Association’s working group on the “International Politics of Migration, Refugees and Diaspora”. They argue that the pandemic has exacerbated tendencies for migration control beyond reinforcing nation-state borders, namely through foregrounding “riskification” of migration discourses and practices, adding to an earlier existing securitization of migration considered as “threat.” Digital controls at borders and beyond were ramped up, as were racial tropes and discrimination against migrants and mobile persons more generally. These trends deepen the restrictions on liberal freedoms during a period of global democratic backsliding, but also trigger a counter-movement where the visibility of migrants as “key workers” and their deservingness in host-societies has been enhanced, and diasporas became more connected to their countries of origin. This Research Note finds that enhanced controls, on the one side, and openings for visibility of migrants and transnational connectivity of diasporas, on the other, are worthy to study in the future as political trends per se. Yet, it would be also interesting to study them as interconnected in a dual movement of simultaneous restriction and inclusion, and in an interdependent world where the power of nation-states has been reasserted due to the pandemic, but migrant transnationalism has remained largely intact.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 16 Nov 2022|