Improvement of 5G transportation services with SDN-based security solutions and beyond 5G

Abdullah Algarni*, Vijey Thayananthan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


The transportation industries forecast that by 2050 more than 50% of vehicles on the road will be autonomous vehicles, and automotive services will dynamically support all vehicles. All of them will be serviced using the latest technology, which includes the Software Defined Network (SDN) and available new generations (5G+ or 6G) at the time. Although many transportation services and rapid facilities are achievable dynamically, transportation services with automation and intelligent actions are still not mature because the legacy of transport services cannot be corporate with the 5G+. These expected problems can be improved through the following possible and manageable approaches: flexible framework of 5G automotive services from the legacy systems, designing energy-efficient and intelligent infrastructures with SDN, and managing security solutions that evolve with the emerging technology. An efficient model (flexible framework) is proposed to secure smart transportation services with a secure and intelligent connected system and security solutions based on the 5G concept. Although 5G is considered in this framework, the method and steps of design and solution phases will be adaptable to the 5G+ framework. Furthermore, the basic properties of SDN allowed us to design a novel approach for measuring data traffic related to transport services and transport management, such as the priority of the transportation services. With the emergence of 5G+ capabilities, transportation services expect more challenges through future user requirements, including dynamic security solutions, minimum latency, maximum energy efficiency (EE), etc. Future automotive services depend on many sensors and their messages received through secure communication systems with 5G+ capabilities. As a result, this theoretical model will prove that 5G capabilities provide security facilities, better latency, and EE within the transportation system. Moreover, this model can be extendable to improve the 5G+ transportation services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2490
Number of pages21
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 5G network
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • SDN
  • Traffic services
  • Transportation


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