Human Trafficking

Adelina Sabani, Scott Romaniuk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


Human trafficking, which is defined as the practice of subjecting people to forced labor and sexual exploitation as well as coercive or misleading recruitment, is gradually coming to be recognized as one of the worst breaches of human rights in the modern world (Lehti and Aromaa 2006). As many as 27 million children, women, and men, according to estimates from the United States Department of State (DOS), are victims of what is now known as the modern slave trade worldwide (Vinkovi 2010; Alobeytha and Lafee 2016; Barner et al. 2018). Every year 2–4 million people are victims of human trafficking within their own countries, while 600,000–800,000 are victims of it across international borders (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Barafi 2019; Barner et al. 2018).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies
EditorsScott Romaniuk, Péter Marton
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-74336-3
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2023


  • Gender-based violence
  • Global community
  • International development
  • Labor
  • National borders
  • Religious communities
  • Sexual exploitation
  • Slave Trade
  • Women and children


Dive into the research topics of 'Human Trafficking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this