Greater increase in internal carotid artery shear rate during aerobic interval compared to continuous exercise in healthy adult men

Shigehiko Ogoh, Takuro Washio, Kazuya Suzuki, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Takeshi Hashimoto, Erika Iwamoto, Damian M Bailey

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Abstract

Interval exercise has been determined to be more effective than continuous exercise for achieving improvement in the cardiovascular function of individuals suffering from cardiovascular disease. However, whether interval exercise improves the cerebrovascular function remains unclear. As per our hypothesis, interval exercise induces a higher cerebrovascular shear rate (SR) than continuous exercise. In this study, 11 adult men randomly performed continuous exercise for 12 min or work-equivalent (57.6 kJ/exercise session) interval exercise of semi-recumbent cycling. The SR in the internal carotid artery (ICA) represents an index of the cerebrovascular SR, which was measured during both the exercises using Doppler ultrasonography. Both the aerobic exercise modes increased the ICA SR. Moreover, the average ICA SR of the interval exercise for the final 4 min of exercise or 2 min of recovery was significantly higher than that for continuous exercise (exercise, 351 ± 75 vs. 330 ± 61/s, p = .038; recovery, 327 ± 86 vs. 290 ± 56/s, p = .014). To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that aerobic interval exercise increased the ICA SR more than equivalent work volume of aerobic continuous exercise. Thus, aerobic interval exercise may be more effective at stimulating the cerebrovasculature, resulting in greater improvements in cerebrovascular function as compared to continuous aerobic exercise in healthy adult men. These findings provide some important information that would help enhance exercise therapy programs for patients with arteriosclerosis, especially in the cerebral circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14705
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume9
Issue number2
Early online date19 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • cerebral blood flow
  • endothelial function
  • humans
  • internal carotid artery
  • shear stress

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