Gender-role orientation and Alcohol Treatment Outcome

Bev John, T Alwyn, RJ Hodgson, CJ Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigated the function of gender-role orientation as a predictor of socially focused alcohol treatment outcome. Participants were drawn from a randomized controlled trial involving home detoxification with an add-on psychological intervention to enhance social support and coping. Participants were classified into 4 gender-role types (androgynous, masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated). Analysis was conducted relating to differential (between gender-role groups) treatment effects in relation to the main outcome measures of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems and self-esteem. The relationship between perceived social support and gender-role type as a function of treatment outcome was also explored. Levels of psychological masculinity and femininity were more predictive of a socially focused treatment outcome than were sex differences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2179 - 2194
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2008


  • gender role
  • alcohol treatment outcome


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