Frustrated spin-1/2 J1-J2 Heisenberg ferromagnet on the square lattice: Exact diagonalization and Coupled-Cluster study

Damian Farnell, H. Rosner, J. Richter, R. Darradi, J. Schulenburg

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We investigate the ground-state magnetic order of the spin-1/2 J1-J2 Heisenberg model on the square lattice with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor exchange J1 and frustrating antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor exchange J2. We use the coupled-cluster method to high orders of approximation and Lanczos exact diagonalization of finite lattices of up to N=40 sites in order to calculate the ground-state energy, the spin-spin correlation functions, and the magnetic order parameter. We find that the transition point at which the ferromagnetic ground state disappears is given by J2|c1=0.393 J1 (exact diagonalization) and J2|c1=0.394 J1 (coupled cluster method). We compare our results for ferromagnetic J1 with established results for the spin-1/2 J1-J2 Heisenberg model with antiferromagnetic J1. We find that both models (i.e., ferro- and antiferromagnetic J1) behave similarly for large J2, although significant differences between them are observed for J2/J1 andlt; 0.6. Although the semiclassical collinear magnetic long-range order breaks down at J2|c2=0.6J1 for antiferromagnetic J1, we do not find a similar breakdown of this kind of long-range order until J2~0.4 J1 for the model with ferromagnetic J1. Unlike the case for antiferromagnetic J1, if an intermediate disordered phase does occur between the phases exhibiting semiclassical collinear stripe order and ferromagnetic order for ferromagnetic J1 then it is likely to be over a very small range below J2~0.4 J1.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2010


  • frustrated quantum magnetism
  • quantum many-body theory
  • strongly correlated electrons


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