Energy analysis of alternative CO2 refrigeration system configurations for retail food applications in moderate and warm climates

K. M. Tsamos*, Y. T. Ge, IDewa Santosa, S. A. Tassou, G. Bianchi, Z. Mylona

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Refrigeration systems are crucial in retail food stores to ensure appropriate merchandising of food products. This paper compares four different CO2 refrigeration system configurations in terms of cooling performance, environmental impact, power consumption and annual running costs. The systems studied were the conventional booster refrigeration system with gas bypass (reference system), the all CO2 cascade system with gas bypass, a booster system with a gas bypass compressor, and integrated cascade all CO2 system with gas bypass compressor. The weather conditions of London, UK, and Athens, Greece, were used for the modelling of energy consumption and environmental impacts to represent moderate and warm climatic conditions respectively. The control strategies for the refrigeration systems were derived from experimental tests in the laboratory on a conventional booster refrigeration system. The results from the analysis showed that the CO2 booster system with gas bypass compressor can provide best performance with 5.0% energy savings for the warm climate and 3.65% for the moderate climate, followed by the integrated cascade all CO2 system with gas bypass compressor, with 3.6% and 2.1% savings over the reference system for the warm and moderate climates respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-829
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO refrigeration systems
  • Cooling performance
  • Energy consumption
  • Experimental investigations
  • System improvement
  • Total equivalent warming impact

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