Development and validation of a Chinese-language instrument measuring empowerment needs of patients after a percutaneous coronary intervention

Ping-Ping He, Qian-qian Shen, Ye-Shi Chen, Juping Yu, Zhao-xia Li, Xin-ping Ouyang

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Abstract

Patient empowerment has been shown to have some positive impacts on self-efficacy, self-esteem, and recovery. However, information about the empowerment needs of patients after a percutaneous coronary intervention is scarce. The aim of this study was to develop a Chinese-language instrument to measure empowerment needs of such patients. The initial instrument was generated based on a literature review and interviews with patients after a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure. Content validity was tested with a panel of experts using the Delphi method. In total, 226 patients were recruited for psychometric tests using the revised instrument. Expert authority coefficient was 0.92, and content validity index was 0.95. The internal consistency reliability was demonstrated by Cronbach's α coefficients (0.86 for the total score, 0.66–0.74 for the dimensions). The newly developed 19-item, five-dimension instrument has shown satisfactory validity (face/content validity and construct validity) and internal consistency reliability. The instrument could help clinical nurses who have close contact with patients after a percutaneous coronary intervention to gain a better understanding of their empowerment needs and could help develop appropriate health education to address such needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-373
Number of pages10
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume22
Issue number2
Early online date7 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • coronary heart disease
  • Delphi method
  • empowerment;
  • instrument development
  • nursing
  • post-PCI patients

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