Frequency Scanning Interferometry (FSI) has become a popular method for long-range, non-contact measurements. However, the cost of developing such systems, particularly the electronic components required for high-speed data acquisition, remains a significant concern. In this paper, we present a cost-effective, FPGA-based real-time data acquisition system specifically designed for FSI, with a focus on long absolute distance measurements. Our design minimizes the use of third-party intellectual property (IP) and is fully compatible with the Xilinx FPGA 7 series families. The hardware employs a 160 MS/s, 16-bit dual-channel ADC interfaced to the FPGA via a Low Voltage Differential Signal (LVDS). The proposed system incorporates an external sampling clock, referred to as the K-clock, which linearizes the laser's tuning rate, enabling optical measurements to be sampled at equal optical frequency intervals rather than equal time intervals. Additionally, we present the design of a high-speed, 160 MS/s ADC module for the front-end analog signal interface and the LVDS connection to the chosen FPGA. We demonstrate that the digitized data samples can be efficiently transmitted to a PC application via a USB interface for further processing.processing.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Open Journal of Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Publication status||In preparation - Jul 2023|