Design and optical characterization of an efficient polarized organic light emitting diode based on refractive index modulation in emitting layer

Dun Qiao, Guojie Chen, Yongkang Gong, Kang Li, Yuanlong Fan, Bo Zhang, Fuqiang Jia, Yusuf Abubakar, Adam Jones, Ifiok Otung, Nigel Copner

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Abstract

Luminescent liquid Crystal (LC) material is regarded as the most promising material for polarized organic light emission due to their intrinsic characteristics including orderly alignment and luminescence. Nevertheless, the optical extraction efficiency of LC based organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) devices still requires significant effort and innovation towards real-world applications. In this paper, we propose the design of a highly linearly polarized light-emission from OLEDs with integrated refractive index nanograting in the emissive layer (EML) based on photo aligned luminescent liquid crystal material. The simulation results indicate that the geometrically optimized polarized device yields an external quantum efficiency (EQE) up to 47% with a polarized ratio up to 28 dB at a 550 nm emission wavelength. This conceptual design offers a new opportunity to achieve efficient polarized organic luminescence, and it is (to the best of our knowledge) the first approach that enhances the light extraction of OLEDs based on luminescent liquid crystal via index grating in the EML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40131-40144
JournalOptics Express
Volume28
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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