Luminescent liquid Crystal (LC) material is regarded as the most promising material for polarized organic light emission due to their intrinsic characteristics including orderly alignment and luminescence. Nevertheless, the optical extraction efficiency of LC based organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) devices still requires significant effort and innovation towards real-world applications. In this paper, we propose the design of a highly linearly polarized light-emission from OLEDs with integrated refractive index nanograting in the emissive layer (EML) based on photo aligned luminescent liquid crystal material. The simulation results indicate that the geometrically optimized polarized device yields an external quantum efficiency (EQE) up to 47% with a polarized ratio up to 28 dB at a 550 nm emission wavelength. This conceptual design offers a new opportunity to achieve efficient polarized organic luminescence, and it is (to the best of our knowledge) the first approach that enhances the light extraction of OLEDs based on luminescent liquid crystal via index grating in the EML.
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics