Board Gender Diversity as a CSR tool and financial performance in China.

Chibuzo Amadi, Weitong Guo, Inalegwu Ode-Ichakpa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using multivariate approach, this study investigates the effect of female representation on boards on the practice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance in China. The indicators include average age of female board members, proportion of female board members, TOBIN Q, asset size, and leverage. Results of fixed effects models show that the relationship between female directors and CSR, CSR and Tobin’s Q, and female directors and Tobin’s Q are positive. These findings support the upper-echelon and stake holder theories. The results suggest that firms, with gender diverse boards, are more likely to outperform other firms in the areas of social and financial performance. An implication for society and government might be to enact policies and incentives as well as adopt moral suasion as a means to encourage firms, irrespective of size, to embrace gender diversity through increased female board representation, as it could prove to be a veritable CSR tool to boost their public image, long run performance, and benefit society.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCorporate Governance: An International Review
Publication statusSubmitted - 2020


  • CSR
  • Board Diversity
  • Upper-echelon theory
  • Stakeholder theory
  • fixed effect


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