Biotechnologies as catalysts for driving net zero

S R Esteves*, Savvas Savvas, Rajkumar Gangappa, Ciaran Burns, Angela Patricia Goncalves De Oliveira, Adam Henley, Joanne Donnelly, Michael Darke, Viktoria Bendikova, Melanie Johnson, Ganesan Sathiyanarayanan, Tim Patterson, Sky Redhead, James Reed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

R&D impact delivered by this work extends to policy development and to the benefits derived from delivering circularity, green growth and reducing carbon emissions by anaerobic digestion that (1) recovers a variety of organic wastes and low value biomass and (2) produces bioenergy and fertiliser. Other biotechnologies being developed can recover resources for the production of fuels (CH4, H2 and NH3), chemicals e.g. volatile fatty acids, biopolymers e.g. polyhydroxyalkanoates and single-cell proteins that can be used for animal feed. Biotechnologies delivering solutions for Power to X, for energy storage and for the capture and use of carbon have also been a focus of our research. Monitoring and control methodologies for the biotechnologies have been developed, including the use of analytical technologies such as FTNIR, GC-IMS and qPCR. Work continues on the valorisation of digestates as microbial and algae growth media, and the recovery of nutrients (NPK). Evaluations of the fate of polymers in the environment, their biochemical recycling and the production of biostimulants for soil and crop improvements, nitrogen fixing and emissions’ reduction are all in progress. Technologies are currently across the TRL 3-6 range and require further R&D to progress them to commercialisation. Deploying industrial biotechnologies is essential to act as sustainable catalysts for change and for delivering net zero, circular economy and green growth. Biotechnologies can impact beneficially on the sustainability of cities and benefit their relationship and integration with surrounding rural areas.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrban Innovation - Civic Partners in Net Zero
Subtitle of host publicationInnovative approaches to universities working with their places to achieve net zero targets
EditorsMaria Hinfelaar, Kasper de Graaf
PublisherKey Cities Innovation Network
Pages97-127
Number of pages20
Volume1
ISBN (Print)978-0-9934-156-3-0
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2024

Publication series

NameUrban Innovation
PublisherKey Cities Innovation Network
Number1

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Biotechnologies as catalysts for driving net zero'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this