Audio-Visual Perception of Mandarin Lexical Tones in AX Same-Different Judgment Task

Rui Wang, Biao Zeng, Simon Thompson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Two same-different discrimination tasks were conducted to test whether Mandarin and English native speakers use visual cues to facilitate Mandarin lexical tone perception. In the experiments, the stimuli were presented in 3 modes: audio-only (AO), audio-video (AV) and video-only (VO) under the clear and two levels of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) -6dB and - 9dB noise condition. If the speakers’ perception of AV is better than that of AO, the extra visual information of lexical tones contributes tone perception. In Experiment 1 and 2, we found that Mandarin speakers had no visual augmentation under clear and noise conditions. For English speakers, on the other hand, extra visual information hindered their tone perception (visual reduction) under SNR -9dB noise. This suggests that English speakers rely more on auditory information to perceive lexical tones. Tone pairs analysis in both experiments found that visual reduction in tone pair T2- T3 and visual augmentation in tone pair T3-T4. It indicates that acoustic tone features (e.g. duration, contour) can be seen and be involved in the process of audiovisual perception. Visual cues facilitate or inhibit tone perception depends on whether the presented visual features of the tone pairs are distinctively recognised or highly confusing to each other.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe 1st Joint Conference on Facial Analysis, Animation, and Auditory-Visual Speech Processing
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventFAAVSP - The 1st Joint Conference on Facial Analysis, Animation, and Auditory-Visual Speech Processing

    - Vienna, Austria
    Duration: 11 Sep 201513 Sep 2015

    Conference

    ConferenceFAAVSP - The 1st Joint Conference on Facial Analysis, Animation, and Auditory-Visual Speech Processing

    Country/TerritoryAustria
    CityVienna
    Period11/09/1513/09/15

    Keywords

    • audiovisual speech perception
    • Mandarin
    • lexical tone

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