Associations of anxiety and depression with suicide experiences in individuals with and without childhood trauma: The role of social support

Ioannis Angelakis, Patricia Gooding

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    No studies have examined the differences and similarities between individuals with and without experiences of childhood sexual and/or physical abuse in relation to anxiety and depression severity, perceived social support, and suicide experiences. Furthermore, whether the strength of these associations differs between these two groups, and whether the buffering role of perceived social support is equally effective, remain unknown. This study, which was based on 842 British participants, aimed to address these gaps. There were three key findings: i) abused individuals reported significantly more severe depression, anxiety, and suicide experiences, and lower social support, ii) the associations between depression, anxiety, and suicide experiences did not differ between these groups, whereas the association between social support and suicide experiences was more pronounced in abused individuals, and iii) perceived social support acted as a moderator of the association between depression and suicide experiences in both groups. These findings are important because they suggest that for the in- dividuals with childhood trauma perceptions of being less supported by their significant others may lead to suicide acts. Furthermore, perceptions of being socially supported appeared to weaken the association between depression and suicide experiences equally in individuals with and without childhood trauma.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number114424
    Number of pages7
    JournalPsychiatry Research
    Volume309
    Early online date30 Jan 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2022

    Keywords

    • Childhood sexual abuse
    • Childhood physical abuse
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Perceived social support

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Associations of anxiety and depression with suicide experiences in individuals with and without childhood trauma: The role of social support'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this