An automated context-aware IoT vulnerability assessment rule-set generator

Fabiha Hashmat, Syed Ghazanfar Abbas, Sadaf Hina, Ghalib A. Shah, Taimur Bakhshi, Waseem Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


While introducing unprecedented applications, Internet of Things (IoT) has simultaneously provoked acute security challenges, in the form of the vulnerabilities. Mainly because manufacturers overlook the security considerations and produce devices that could be exploited easily. Security systems used for the protection of IoT environment usually deploy traditional rulesets which lack distinct IoT vulnerability assessment elements and therefore are inadequate for providing security to IoT eco-system. Hence, due to the variety and volume of such devices, traditional security solutions need to be more robust for IoT settings. Contrary to the traditional rule-set, IoT device vulnerability identification requires distinct understanding of IoT-specific vulnerability vectors, based on their architecture, resource constrained nature, communication primitives and context awareness. This research work has proposed an automated context-aware IoT vulnerability assessment rule-set framework. Proposed system dynamically identifies IoT devices along with the services running on them, gathers their respective vulnerabilities, transform them into rules and enforce them into the security solutions. The proposed framework has been evaluated on a dataset of 49 IoT devices. According to the results, proposed framework automatically generated rules against all the vulnerabilities present in the network under consideration. Additionally, this research has proposed IoT vulnerability assessment rule-set elements which are necessary to be considered while designing any IoT vulnerability assessment rule-set. With the proposed mechanism, this research work intends to fill the missing lines of defense against rising IoT vulnerabilities. The proposed framework will benefit researchers, security analysts and manufacturers to devise reliable IoT security solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-152
Number of pages20
JournalComputer Communications
Early online date4 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • ET Open
  • IoT
  • IoT rule-set
  • IoT vulnerability assessment
  • Traditional Rule-Set


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