A mixed-method systematic review of the perspectives of young people, carers and professionals on psychiatric diagnosis in childhood and adolescence

Jodie Gill*, Alexis Jones, Klara Price, Egan Goodison, Philip Tyson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Problem: The significance and complexities of a psychiatric diagnosis have been well-documented in existing literature. Despite the reliability and accuracy of such diagnoses, the impact and use of diagnostic labelling on young people remains unclear. Methods: A systematic review was conducted using six databases, identifying 13 studies that explored psychiatric diagnosis experiences in professionals, caregivers, and young people. Findings: This review focuses on three main themes related to psychiatric diagnosis in young people. The first theme is diagnostic subjectivity, which explores the accuracy, usefulness, potential harm and alternatives (e.g. psychological formulation) to psychiatric diagnosis in this population. The second theme is the utility of psychiatric diagnosis, which considers whether it helps young people access appropriate support and gain a better understanding of themselves and their presenting issues. The third theme is stigma, which examines the negative experiences and discrimination that young people may face due to their psychiatric diagnosis. Conclusions: There is relatively limited literature which discusses the experience of psychiatric diagnosis in young people, caregivers and professionals. The available literature is difficult to compare due to discrepancies between methodologies and services, and there are several gaps i.e. a limited focus on the experience of young people themselves. Different views and experiences of psychiatric diagnosis among professionals, caregivers, and young people could impact young people's quality of life, access to healthcare, and identity development. The current literature needs to be more comprehensive to draw firm conclusions about young people's experiences with psychiatric diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12459
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Volume37
Issue number2
Early online date24 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • caregivers
  • diagnosis
  • experiences
  • mixed methods
  • professionals
  • young people

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