A critical analysis of the Model Statement literature: should this tool be used in practice?

Cody Porter, Rachel Taylor, Giacomo Salvanelli

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Investigators need to elicit detailed statements from interviewees to find potential leads, whilst simultaneously judging if a statement is genuine or fabricated. Researchers have proposed that the Model Statement (MS) can both (a) increase information elicitation from interviewees and (b) amplify the verbal differences between liars and truth tellers, thereby enhancing lie-detection accuracy. Based upon a critical analysis of the MS literature, we argue that this tool is not currently ready for practical usage, as its utility has not been fully established. We highlight a diverse range of existing MS scripts, and a greater diversity in the dependent measures examined in conjunction with this tool. More robust replications of these procedures are needed. We also highlight why some measures of verbal content may not be suitable as outcome measures and suggest that new research could use the well-established reality monitoring criteria to allow for standardisation across studies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)35-55
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling
    Volume18
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2020

    Keywords

    • deception
    • model statement
    • critical analysis
    • information elicitation
    • investigative interviewing
    • lie-detection

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'A critical analysis of the Model Statement literature: should this tool be used in practice?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this