The Impact of the SMART Program on Cognitive and Academic Skills: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Richard May, Ian Tyndall, Aoife McTiernan, Gareth Roderique-Davies, Shane McLoughlin

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

    7 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)


    Online interventions promoted to enhance cognitive ability hold great appeal for their potential positive impact in social, employment, and educational domains. Cognitive training programs have, thus far, not been shown to influence performance on tests of general cognitive aptitude. Strengthening Mental Abilities with Relational Training (SMART) is an online program that claims to raise intelligence quotient (IQ). This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the effect of SMART on indices of cognitive aptitude and academic performance. The review protocol was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42019132404). A systematic literature search of bibliographic databases (ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, Scopus, Proquest Psychology) identified five studies (N = 195) that met the criterion for inclusion. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias ‘RoB 2’ tool. Overall, there was a moderate impact of SMART on measures of nonverbal IQ (g = 0.57, 95% CI [0.24, 0.89]). There was insufficient evidence to determine the impact of SMART on any other domain. All studies included in the review were judged to be at a high risk of bias for their primary outcome. Despite the methodological limitations of published studies to date, these initial findings suggest that a large-scale study of SMART is warranted.
    Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
    Rhif yr erthygl13192
    Tudalennau (o-i)1244-1261
    Nifer y tudalennau18
    CyfnodolynBritish Journal of Educational Technology
    Rhif cyhoeddi5
    Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar14 Maw 2022
    Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
    StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 1 Medi 2022

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