Prey habitat model outperforms prey data in explaining grey seal distribution

Geert Aarts, Esther Lane Jones, Sophie Brasseur, Anna Rindorf, Sophie Caroline Smout, Mark Dickey-Collas, Peter Wright, Deborah Jill Fraser Russell, Bernie J McConnell, Roger Kirkwood, Jason Matthiopoulos, Peter Reijnders

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gynhadleddPosteradolygiad gan gymheiriaid

Crynodeb

To understand the impact of human activities on the marine environment, information on the spatial distribution of marine organisms is required. However for moving organisms, information on distribution alone is often insufficient, because individuals visit multiple habitats, each of which may play a vital role in increasing the organism’s fitness. Therefore it is important to understand why they select certain sites. In marine mammals, this motivation to is to a large extent driven by the occurrence of their prey. Although it seems intuitive to expect spatial co-occurrence between predator and prey, it is often difficult to detect such relatiobships due to the dynamic nature of the marine environment.

The objective of this study is first to assess whether the distribution of a marine predator can be explained by the distribution of its prey, and secondly, whether it can also be explained by abiotic proxies for prey distribution. More specifically, using telemetry data we study how the spatial distribution of grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) in the North Sea correlates with the observed, and predicted distribution of their major prey, the sandeel (Ammodytae).

Although this study reveals that grey seals prefer sandeel grounds, the model-based estimates of sandeel occupancy based on sediment type and depth was better at explaining variation in grey seal density within and around the sandeel grounds. The better explanatory performance of the prey habitat model may be due to the more extensive and better-resolved data for the abiotic covariates in contrast with the stochastic nature of prey survey data,. Also, abiotic variables may be correlated with additional important prey characteristics such as quality and catchability.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 1 Maw 2014
Digwyddiad28th Conference of the European Cetacean Society: Marine mammals as sentinels of a changing environment - University of Liège, Liège, Gwlad Belg
Hyd: 5 Apr 20149 Apr 2014

Cynhadledd

Cynhadledd28th Conference of the European Cetacean Society
Gwlad/TiriogaethGwlad Belg
DinasLiège
Cyfnod5/04/149/04/14

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