Recent years have seen the development of policy guidance documents in both Wales and England relating to the protection of vulnerable adults from abuse. This policy guidance does, however, require translation into policies at the local level and that these policies are then implemented in day-to-day practice. This article reports some of the findings of a two-year study that examined the development and implementation of such policies in services for people with learning disabilities within Wales. Data were gathered by means of a survey of service providers from across Wales and also via focus groups held with direct care staff and those with a responsibility for investigating alleged abuse. Positive developments include a commitment to multi-disciplinary working, increased clarity and consistency, and greater awareness. Less positive aspects include the potential for policy ‘overload’ and a feeling that, while there is awareness of the existence of vulnerable adults policies, knowledge of their content may be more limited. Recommendations are made for the development of policy, practice and research.