Gravitational transitions increase posterior cerebral perfusion and systemic oxidative-nitrosative stress: implications for neurovascular unit integrity

Damian Bailey, Damien Lanéelle, Jean-Eudes Trihan, Nicola Marchi, Benjamin Stacey, Kazuki Tamiya, Takuro Washio, Eduoard Tuaillon, Christoph Hirtz, Sylvain Lehmann, Shigehiko Ogoh, Hervé Normand

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

59 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

The present study examined if repeated bouts of micro- and hypergravity during parabolic flight (PF) alter structural integrity of the neurovascular unit (NVU) subsequent to free radical-mediated changes in regional cerebral perfusion. Six participants (5♂, 1♀) aged 29 ± 11 years were examined before, during and after a 3h PF and compared to six sex and age-matched (27 ± 6 years) normogravity controls. Blood flow was measured in the anterior (middle cerebral artery, MCA; internal carotid artery, ICA) and posterior (vertebral artery, VA) circulation (duplex ultrasound) in-flight over the course of 15 parabolas. Venous blood was assayed for free radicals (electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy), nitric oxide (NO, ozone-based chemiluminescence) and NVU integrity (chemiluminescence/ELISA) in normogravity before and after exposure to 31 parabolas. While MCA velocity did not change (P > 0.05), a selective increase in VA flow was observed during the most marked gravitational transition from micro- to hypergravity (P < 0.05). Increased oxidative-nitrosative stress defined by a free radical-mediated reduction in NO and elevations in glio-vascular GFAP and S100ß were observed after PF (P < 0.05), the latter proportional to the increase in VA flow (r = 0.908, P < 0.05). In contrast, biomarkers of neuronal-axonal damage (neuron-specific enolase, neurofilament light-chain, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 and tau) did not change (P > 0.05). Collectively, these findings suggest that the cumulative effects of repeated gravitational transitions may promote minor blood-brain barrier disruption, potentially related to the combined effects of haemodynamic (posterior cerebral hyperperfusion) and molecular (systemic oxidative-nitrosative) stress.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)142-160
Nifer y tudalennau19
CyfnodolynNeuroscience
Cyfrol441
Rhif cyhoeddiAugust 2020
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar2 Meh 2020
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 10 Awst 2020

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