Exercise induced bronchoconstriction in school aged children who had chronic lung disease in infancy

Edgar Williams, Sailesh Kotecha, Suchita Joshi, Thomas Powell, William J. Watkins, Mark Drayton

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid


Objectives To assess for exercise-induced Bronchoconstriction in 8- to 12-year-old children who had chronic lung disease (CLD) in infancy, and to evaluate the response of Bronchoconstriction to bronchodilation with albuterol in comparison with preterm and term controls. Study design Ninety-two children, including 29 with CLD, 33 born preterm at #32 weeks' gestation, and 30 born at term, underwent lung spirometry before and after cycle ergometry testing and after post exercise bronchodilation with albuterol. Results Doctor-diagnosed asthma and exercise-induced wheeze were reported more frequently in the CLD group than in the preterm and term groups, but only 10% were receiving a bronchodilator. There were no differences among the groups in peak minute ventilation, oxygen uptake, or carbon dioxide output at maximum exercise. After maximal exercise, predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) decreased from a mean baseline value of 81.9% (95% CI, 76.6-87.0%) to 70.8% (95% CI, 65.5-76.1%) after exercise in the CLD group, from 92.0% (95%CI, 87.2-96.8%) to 84.3% (95% CI, 79.1-89.4%) in the preterm group, and from 97.5% (95% CI, 92.5-102.6%) to 90.3% (95% CI, 85.1-95.5%) in the term group. After albuterol administration, FEV1 increased to 86.8% (95% CI, 81.7-92.0%) in the CLD group, 92.1% (95% CI, 87.3-96.9%) in the preterm group, and 97.1% (95% CI, 92.0- 102.3%) in the term group. The decrease in predicted FEV1 after exercise and increase in predicted FEV1 after bronchodilator use were greatest in the CLD group (_11.0% [95%CI, _18.4 to _3.6%] and 16.0%[95% CI, 8.6-23.4%], respectively; P andlt; .005 for both), with differences of andlt;8% in the 2 control groups. Conclusion School-age children who had CLD in infancy had significant exercise-induced Bronchoconstriction that responded significantly to bronchodilation. Reversible exercise-induced Bronchoconstriction is common in children who experienced CLD in infancy and should be actively assessed for and treated. (J Pediatr 2013;162:813-8)
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)813 - 818
Nifer y tudalennau5
CyfnodolynThe Journal of Pediatrics
Rhif cyhoeddi4
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 1 Ebr 2013

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