Development of low carbon concrete and prospective of geopolymer concrete using lightweight coarse aggregate and cement replacement materials

Promise D. Nukah*, Samuel J. Abbey, Colin A. Booth, Jonathan Oti

*Awdur cyfatebol y gwaith hwn

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

2 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

The use of Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slag (GGBS) as an alternative cement replacement material in combination with conventional coarse aggregate have been successful in the production of near green concrete. Undoubtedly, GGBS has exhibited good cementitious attributes, however, there are concerns with slow strength development and workability owing to its non-pozzolanic activities as well as some degree of porosity notwithstanding the sustainability potential. Therefore, this study presents a lytag based geopolymer lightweight concrete with high strength development, improved mechanical properties and reduced embodied carbon. To further improve and enhance the potential production of green concrete, complete replacement of conventional coarse aggregate with a recycled lightweight aggregate from industrial waste was carried out. The geopolymer precursors consisted of sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, GGBS and silica fume to optimize the performance of the concrete at 60–80% cement replacement for a target design mix of 20, 30, 40, and 50 MPa. The performance of lytag based geopolymer concrete was compared with that of non-geopolymer lytag based concrete (control samples). The results show a 42% increase in compressive strength for the geopolymer lightweight concrete and a 22% increase in ultimate compressive strain which is an indication of improved moment of resistance in structural design. The results also show a 46–61% reduction in embodied carbon for the use of non-geopolymer lytag based concrete and 69–77% reduction for lytag based geopolymer concrete. The geopolymer concrete between 7 and 63 days of loading increases by 0.55% in creep strain compared with increases of 2.81% for non-geopolymer lytag based concrete and reduction to 27.96% for the normal weight concrete. Modulus of Elasticity reduces with age of loading for the geopolymer concrete during creep at 0.39% compared to reduction of 1.93% for non-geopolymer lytag based concrete and increase of 12% for the normal weight concrete.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygl 136295
Nifer y tudalennau26
CyfnodolynConstruction and Building Materials
Cyfrol428
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 20 Ebr 2024

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