Construction of Normalcy and Diversity in Music Therapy Theory and Practice

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gynhadleddPapuradolygiad gan gymheiriaid

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This paper will explore the potential harmony and dissonance in the music therapy discipline about the conceptualisation and communication of the dichotomies of ability and disability. As is recognised widely in critical disability studies, social construction of disability suggests that interactions, language and attitudes have significant impact on lived experience of disability (Rapley, 2010; Bolt, 2016). It is proposed that music therapy contributes to both neurodiversity and deficiency-based narratives in the construction of disability, through contrasting contributions in practice and in theory. Music therapy practice is widely recognised to be inclusive, affirmative and nurturing; celebrating non-normative ways of being and supporting clients to express their authentic self (Bunt and Stige, 2014). Conversely, as an allied health profession, music therapy engages with medical diagnostic criteria and often medical referrals, contexts and perceptions (Wigram, 2006; Aigen, 2015). The language of therapist and client has been discussed in talking therapies as generating a hierarchy of knowledge and experience (Rogers, 1980; cited in Mearns, Thorne and McLeod, 2013), and this hierarchy may be perpetuated in the transfer of this vocabulary to music therapy, despite the aforementioned potential harmony of partnership working in practice. Many theorists have explored the junctures between music therapy and other disciplines, including: music psychology (Cross, 2014; Ansdell, 2014); music education (Ockelford, 2008; Mitchell, 2016); music sociology (Procter, 2011; DeNora, 2015) and psychotherapy (Bruscia, 1998; Mössler, 2011). Each of these disciplines have their own conception and interpretation of disability, articulated in the professional language they engage with. It is proposed that the translation of affirmative, non-verbal practice into clinical, verbal narrative, as well as the related professions with which music therapy shares vocabulary and professional recognition, can blur the constructs of normalcy and diversity in the discipline (Ansdell, 2001; Gross, 2018; Pickard, In Press).

References
Aigen, K. (2015), ‘A Critique of Evidence-Based Practice in Music Therapy’, Music Therapy Perspectives, 33(1), p. 12 – 24

Ansdell, G. (2014), ‘Yes, But, No, But: A Contrarian Response to Cross (2014)’, Psychology of Music, 42(6), p. 820 – 825

Bolt, D. (Ed) (2016), Changing Social Attitudes Toward Disability: Perspectives From Historical, Cultural and Educational Studies, London: Routledge

Bruscia, K. (Ed) (1998), The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy, Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers

Bunt, L. and Stige, B. (2014), Music Therapy: An Art Beyond Words (2nd Edn), Hove, New York: Routledge

Cross, I. (2014), ‘Music and Communication in Music Psychology, Psychology of Music, 42(6), p. 809–819

DeNora, T. (2015), Music Asylums: Wellbeing Through Music in Everyday Life, Farnham: Ashgate

Gross, R. (2018), ‘The Social Model of Disability and Music Therapy: Practical Suggestions for the Emerging Clinical Practitioner’, Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, 18(1), Available at https://voices.no/index.php/voices/article/view/958/843, Accessed 16th March 2018, DOI 10.15845/voices.v18i1.958

Mearns, D., Thorne, B. and McLeod, J. (2013), Person-Centred Counselling in Action (4th Edn), London: Sage

Mitchell, E. (2016), ‘Therapeutic Music Education: An Emerging Model Linking Philosophies and Experiences of Music Education with Music Therapy’, Canadian Journal of Music Therapy, 22(1), p. 19 – 41

Pickard, B. (In Press), ‘Valuing Neurodiversity: A Humanistic, Non-Normative Model of Music Therapy Using Rogers’ Person-centred Approach with Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Conditions’, In Dunn, H., Coombes, E., Maclean, E., Mottram, H. and Nugent, J. (Eds), A Spectrum of Approaches: Music Therapy and Autism Across the Life Span, London: Jessica Kingsley

Procter, S. (2011), ‘Reparative Musicing: Thinking on the Usefulness of Social Capital Theory Within Music Therapy’, Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 20(3), p. 242 – 262

Rapley, (2010), The Social Construction of Intellectual Disability, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Rogers, C. (1980), A Way of Being, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin

Wigram, T. (2006), ‘Response to Tia DeNora’, British Journal of Music Therapy, 20, p. 93 – 96
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 11 Medi 2018
DigwyddiadDisability Studies Conference - University of Lancaster, Lancaster, Y Deyrnas Unedig
Hyd: 11 Sep 201813 Sep 2018
https://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cedr/events/disabilityconference/

Cynhadledd

CynhadleddDisability Studies Conference
Gwlad/TiriogaethY Deyrnas Unedig
DinasLancaster
Cyfnod11/09/1813/09/18
Cyfeiriad rhyngrwyd

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