Standard

Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone : Possibilities for forensic anthropology. / Walden, Steven J; Evans, Sam L; Mulville, Jacqui.

Yn: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Cyfrol 65, 31.01.2017, t. 672-678.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

Harvard

Walden, SJ, Evans, SL & Mulville, J 2017, 'Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone: Possibilities for forensic anthropology', Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, cyfrol. 65, tt. 672-678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037

APA

Walden, S. J., Evans, S. L., & Mulville, J. (2017). Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone: Possibilities for forensic anthropology. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 65, 672-678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037

Vancouver

Walden SJ, Evans SL, Mulville J. Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone: Possibilities for forensic anthropology. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2017 Jan 31;65:672-678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037

Author

Walden, Steven J ; Evans, Sam L ; Mulville, Jacqui. / Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone : Possibilities for forensic anthropology. Yn: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 2017 ; Cyfrol 65. tt. 672-678.

BibTeX

@article{0f042e61ca68484e90ff9bfd2e0e44fe,
title = "Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone: Possibilities for forensic anthropology",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to determine how the Vickers hardness (HV) of bone varies during soft tissue putrefaction. This has possible forensic applications, notably for determining the postmortem interval. Experimental porcine bone samples were decomposed in surface and burial deposition scenarios over a period of 6 months. Although the Vickers hardness varied widely, it was found that when transverse axial hardness was subtracted from longitudinal axial hardness, the difference showed correlations with three distinct phases of soft tissue putrefaction. The ratio of transverse axial hardness to longitudinal axial hardness showed a similar correlation. A difference of 10 or greater in HV with soft tissue present and signs of minimal decomposition, was associated with a decomposition period of 250 cumulative cooling degree days or less. A difference of 10 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95{\%} confidence interval) or greater in HV associated with marked decomposition indicated a decomposition period of 1450 cumulative cooling degree days or more. A difference of -7 to +8 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95{\%} confidence interval) was thus associated with 250 to 1450 cumulative cooling degree days' decomposition. The ratio of transverse axial HV to longitudinal HV, ranging from 2.42 to 1.54, is a more reliable indicator in this context and is preferable to using negative integers These differences may have potential as an indicator of postmortem interval and thus the time of body deposition in the forensic context.",
keywords = "Bone, Human, Porcine, Forensic, Archaeology, Anthropology",
author = "Walden, {Steven J} and Evans, {Sam L} and Jacqui Mulville",
note = "Crown Copyright {\circledC} 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "672--678",
journal = "Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials",
issn = "1751-6161",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in Vickers hardness during the decomposition of bone

T2 - Possibilities for forensic anthropology

AU - Walden, Steven J

AU - Evans, Sam L

AU - Mulville, Jacqui

N1 - Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/1/31

Y1 - 2017/1/31

N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine how the Vickers hardness (HV) of bone varies during soft tissue putrefaction. This has possible forensic applications, notably for determining the postmortem interval. Experimental porcine bone samples were decomposed in surface and burial deposition scenarios over a period of 6 months. Although the Vickers hardness varied widely, it was found that when transverse axial hardness was subtracted from longitudinal axial hardness, the difference showed correlations with three distinct phases of soft tissue putrefaction. The ratio of transverse axial hardness to longitudinal axial hardness showed a similar correlation. A difference of 10 or greater in HV with soft tissue present and signs of minimal decomposition, was associated with a decomposition period of 250 cumulative cooling degree days or less. A difference of 10 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95% confidence interval) or greater in HV associated with marked decomposition indicated a decomposition period of 1450 cumulative cooling degree days or more. A difference of -7 to +8 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95% confidence interval) was thus associated with 250 to 1450 cumulative cooling degree days' decomposition. The ratio of transverse axial HV to longitudinal HV, ranging from 2.42 to 1.54, is a more reliable indicator in this context and is preferable to using negative integers These differences may have potential as an indicator of postmortem interval and thus the time of body deposition in the forensic context.

AB - The purpose of this study was to determine how the Vickers hardness (HV) of bone varies during soft tissue putrefaction. This has possible forensic applications, notably for determining the postmortem interval. Experimental porcine bone samples were decomposed in surface and burial deposition scenarios over a period of 6 months. Although the Vickers hardness varied widely, it was found that when transverse axial hardness was subtracted from longitudinal axial hardness, the difference showed correlations with three distinct phases of soft tissue putrefaction. The ratio of transverse axial hardness to longitudinal axial hardness showed a similar correlation. A difference of 10 or greater in HV with soft tissue present and signs of minimal decomposition, was associated with a decomposition period of 250 cumulative cooling degree days or less. A difference of 10 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95% confidence interval) or greater in HV associated with marked decomposition indicated a decomposition period of 1450 cumulative cooling degree days or more. A difference of -7 to +8 (+/- standard error of mean at a 95% confidence interval) was thus associated with 250 to 1450 cumulative cooling degree days' decomposition. The ratio of transverse axial HV to longitudinal HV, ranging from 2.42 to 1.54, is a more reliable indicator in this context and is preferable to using negative integers These differences may have potential as an indicator of postmortem interval and thus the time of body deposition in the forensic context.

KW - Bone

KW - Human

KW - Porcine

KW - Forensic

KW - Archaeology

KW - Anthropology

U2 - 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037

DO - 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.09.037

M3 - Article

C2 - 27743942

VL - 65

SP - 672

EP - 678

JO - Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

JF - Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

SN - 1751-6161

ER -

ID: 1141722