Anxiety and motor performance: More evidence for the effectiveness of holistic process goals as a solution to the process goal paradox

Richard Mullen, Eleri Sian Jones, Samuel Oliver, Lew Hardy

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

34 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Objectives

Recent research has reported the benefits of using holistic rather than part process goals to avoid the negative effects associated with the conscious processing of task relevant information by skilled but anxious athletes. This experiment compared the efficacy of these two goal focus strategies in a neutral condition and a competitive condition in which cognitive state anxiety was elevated.

Design

Laboratory-based experimental design using a mixed model with between (process goal groups) and within-subjects (neutral and competitive) conditions.

Method

Thirty male and female undergraduate students aged between 19 and 44 years of age completed 896 practice repetitions of a race car driving simulation using discovery learning. Participants were then placed in either a holistic or part process goal group using stratified random assignment. The practice phase was followed by neutral and competitive conditions, during which driving performance and psychophysiological measures were collected.

Results

Analysis of variance of lap times and driving errors revealed that the holistic process goal group outperformed the part process goal group in the competition condition. Analysis of psychophysiological measures suggested that the performance of both process goal groups in the competitive condition was associated with the investment of compensatory effort.

Conclusions

Compared to part process goals, holistic process goals confer performance benefits for skilled athletes who perform under competitive pressure.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)142-149
Nifer y tudalennau8
CyfnodolynPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Cyfrol27
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar17 Awst 2016
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 1 Tach 2016

Ôl bys

Gweld gwybodaeth am bynciau ymchwil 'Anxiety and motor performance: More evidence for the effectiveness of holistic process goals as a solution to the process goal paradox'. Gyda’i gilydd, maen nhw’n ffurfio ôl bys unigryw.

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