|Teitl||Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences|
|Golygyddion||Brian Thomas, Brian G. Murray, Denis J. Murphy|
|Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)|
|Statws||Cyhoeddwyd - 2017|
Acyl lipids in the form of triacylglycerols are major components of oil storing tissues in plants, especially oil-rich seeds and fruits. These tissues are the major sources of vegetable oils that make up the second most important category of dietary calories for humans. Major oil crops include oil palm, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower and maize. Such crops are typically rich in C18 and C16 fatty acids but are unable to accumulate large quantities of other fatty acids that could have additional nutritional and industrial uses. Genetic engineering methods have been used to transfer genes from other plants and non-plants in order to expand the range of useful fatty acids that can be derived from oil crops.