A functional MRI exploration of hamstring activation during the supine bridge exercise

Matthew Bourne, Morgan Williams, Tania Pizzari, Anthony J. Shield

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

107 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

The single leg supine bridge (SLB) is a commonly employed strengthening exercise and is used as a clinical test for hamstring function in sport, however, little is known about the patterns of muscle activation in this task. To explore these activation patterns, nine healthy, recreationally active males underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of their thighs at rest and immediately after 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the SLB exercise. Exercise-induced increases in the transverse (T2) relaxation time of the biceps femoris long and short heads, semitendinosus and semimembranosus, were determined via signal intensity changes in pre- and post-exercise images and used as an index of muscle activation. The Bonferroni adjusted alpha was set at p<0.008. The semitendinosus exhibited a greater T2 increase than the biceps femoris short head (p < 0.001, d = 2.0) and semimembranosus (p = 0.001, d = 1.2), but not biceps femoris long head (p = 0.029, d = 0.9). Furthermore, the percentage change in T2 for biceps femoris long head was greater than its short head (p = 0.003, d = 1.4). During the SLB exercise, the semitendinosus is most selectively targeted and the biceps femoris long head is preferentially activated over its short head. These findings may have implications for the use of the SLB in hamstring injury prevention and rehabilitation programs.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)104-109
Nifer y tudalennau6
CyfnodolynInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Cyfrol39
Rhif cyhoeddi2
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar21 Tach 2017
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsE-gyhoeddi cyn argraffu - 21 Tach 2017

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